polyamide n : a polymer containing repeated amide groups [syn: polymeric amide]
- Italian: poliammide
A polyamide is a polymer containing monomers of amides joined by peptide bonds. They can occur both naturally, examples being proteins, such as wool and silk, and can be made artificially, examples being nylons, aramids, and sodium poly(aspartate).
Production from monomers
The amide link is produced from the condensation reaction of an amino group and a carboxylic acid or acid chloride group. A small molecule, usually water, or hydrogen chloride, is eliminated.
The amino group and the carboxylic acid group can be on the same monomer, or the polymer can be constituted of two different bifunctional monomers, one with two amino groups, the other with two carboxylic acid or acid chloride groups.
Amino acids can be taken as examples of single monomer (if the difference between R groups is ignored) reacting with identical molecules to form a polyamide:
Aramid (pictured below) is made from two different monomers which continuously alternate to form the polymer and is an aromatic polyamide:
polyamide in Catalan: Poliamida
polyamide in Czech: Polyamidová vlákna
polyamide in German: Polyamide
polyamide in Spanish: Poliamida
polyamide in French: Polyamide
polyamide in Italian: Poliammide
polyamide in Hebrew: פוליאימיד
polyamide in Dutch: Polyamide
polyamide in Polish: Poliamid
polyamide in Portuguese: Poliamida
polyamide in Russian: Полиамиды
polyamide in Finnish: Polyamidi
polyamide in Swedish: Polyamid
polyamide in Turkish: Polyamid